OPM: CJRI

Connecticut Criminal Justice Data Improvement Programs

  {CJRI - Criminal Justice Record Improvement Programs}

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{TOP of page} Program Description

This federally funded program, the 5% Set Aside Program or Byrne Memorial Program (5% of the Drug Control System Improvement (DCSI) Formula Grant Program), provides funding for a range of activities to upgrade or establish better data sharing and management of criminal history data.

 carried out under this program have increased the capability of different CJIS agencies in managing and communicating CJIS data electronically and more efficiently. In recent years, the federal grant award has been approximately $300,000. When matched (75% federal/25% state), the program funds available annually are approximately $400,000. Currently, Fiscal Year (FY) 93, FY 94, and FY 95 are expended or fully obligated.  FY 96, FY 97 and FY 98 funding is being utilized.

A significant project was the conversion of the Computerized Criminal History (CCH) file of approximately 600,000 criminal records from a hierarchical structure to a relational database. This has enabled flexibility in report generation and data management; an expanded "rap" sheet is now provided to law enforcement personnel. The conversion provides an open systems compliant architecture to interface with the Offender Based Tracking System.

Please go to CJRI Projects for a brief description of each project in the context of all CJIS activities.
 
 

{TOP of page} Program Objective Statement

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is a significant program in the U.S. Department of Justice efforts to build an accurate and useful national system of criminal records. This effort is part of a major initiative under the Drug Control and Systems Improvement (DCSI) Formula Grant Program, which is also known as the Byrne Memorial State and Local Law Enforcement Assistance Formula Grant Program (Byrne Program).

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, within the U.S. Department of Justice.

The purpose of the Byrne Formula Grant Program is to assist States and units of local government in carrying out specific programs that offer a high probability of improving the functioning of the criminal justice system. Special emphasis is placed on national and multijurisdictional programs and on programs that advance national drug control priorities. Funds are used for the following purposes:

  • Enforcing State and local laws that establish offenses similar to offenses established in the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 801 et seq.);
  • Emphasizing prevention and control of violent crime and serious offenders; and
  • Improving the functioning of the criminal justice system.

The accuracy and completeness of criminal justice records has become an issue of national importance in recent years, driven in large part by the search for an effective means of limiting the sale of handguns to individuals with criminal records. In addition, repositories of criminal justice records have been experiencing an increasing demand, not only from criminal justice users, but also more and more frequently from non-criminal justice users, for making decisions, for example, about those who apply for jobs as day care workers. The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program has provided an opportunity for States to significantly improve the accuracy, completeness, and timeliness of record systems in order to meet the current and future demands.

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is a 5 percent allocation or set-aside of the total Byrne Formula Grant to the State for the improvement of criminal justice records. Under the CJRI Program, improvements specifically identified as goals in legislation are:

  • Completion of criminal histories to include the final disposition of all arrests for felony offenses;
  • Full automation of all criminal justice histories and fingerprint records; and
  • Increased frequency and quality of criminal history reports to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

Given the criminal history record improvements required by the Brady Act and other related programs, the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is highly integrated with the National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP).


{TOP of page} Eligibility

Under the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program, states and local law enforcement agencies are eligible applicants. One application accepted is from a state, through a single administrative agency (SAA). The SAA must receive Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) approval of subgranted projects. The State may receive successive awards over time, assuming the availability of funds under the formula.

 

{TOP of page} Grant Activity

Funding under the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program was initiated in Federal Fiscal Year 1992, when the Crime Control Act of 1990 amended the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act. The State of Connecticut has received successive grants through 1996; the 1997 application is pending. Within the Awards, successive amendments have provided additional funding or grant extensions. The grant awards are:

CJRI Program Funding -- 5 % Set Aside Program
Byrne Memorial Funds (Yearly Allocations)

FFY
Award Period
Total Award
Federal Award
% Match
1992
(10/01/91 to 09/30/95)
$387,067
$290,300
25%
1993
(10/01/92 to 09/30/97)
383,133
287,350
25%
1994
(10/01/93 to 09/30/97)
320,533
240,400
25%
1995
(10/01/94 to 09/30/97)
398,867
299,150
25%
1996
(10/01/95 to 09/30/98)
418,555
313,916
25%
1997
(10/01/96 to 09/30/99)
433,400
325,050
25%
Total
$2,341,555
$1,756,166

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program is funded with 75% federal funds; there is a 25% state funding match requirement. See Current Projects for details.

Applications for succeeding year funding are generally prepared during the months of September to January to respond to an application due date usually in February. With this schedule, an award is usually made during the months of May or June. The timing for the application preparation is contingent on the advice from the Bureau of Justice Assistance regarding the funding formula distribution, following Federal budget adoption.

 


{TOP of page} Statutory References

The Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program implements grant provisions of the following Federal statutes. The Crime Control Act of 1990 amended the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act to initiate the CJRI Program.

Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (Omnibus Act), Title 1, Section 509, as amended, P.L. No. 90-351, 82 Stat. 197 (1968), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 3711 et seq.

Crime Control Act of 1990.

Due to the interrelationships in legislation associated with criminal justice records, the statutory references associates with the National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) are also applicable.

Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (the Brady Act), P.L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993), codified as amended at 18 U.S.C. 921 et seq.

National Child Protection Act of 1993 (the Child Protection Act), P.L. No. 103-209, 107 Stat. 2490 (1993), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 3759, 5101 note, 5119, 5119a, 5119b, 5119c

Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 (Violent Crime Control Act), P.L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1796 (1994), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 13701 et seq.;

Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act (the Jacob Wetterling Act), P.L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 2038 (1994), Title 17, codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 14701 et seq.

Violence Against Women Act (National Stalker and Domestic Violence Reduction Program, Section 40602), P.L. No. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1902-1955 (1994), codified as amended at 42 U.S.C. 14031 et seq.

{TOP of page} Regulatory References

None.


{TOP of page} Funding Source(s)

Please refer to the table under Grant Activity and the Statutory References, above, for the funding sources.

{TOP of page} Account Number

Please refer to the table under Grant Activity, above, for the Cooperative Agreement Award Number.

{TOP of page} Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number

16.579


{TOP of page} General Statement of Process

Law enforcement agencies, judicial process agencies, offender management agencies, and agencies supporting criminal justice information systems apply for project funds thorough the Office of Policy and Management, Policy Development and Planning Division, as the single administrative agency (SAA).

An application is developed in consideration of the integration of criminal justice data, available or potential funding, specific grant program requirements, and the relationship to projects being carried out under the National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP). In general, the CJRI Program and the NCHIP are viewed as a unified source of Federal grant assistance.

The projects carried out under the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program must be in compliance with a CJRI Plan. Initial CJRI Projects focused on the preparation of the plan for the State of Connecticut. Approved by the Bureau of Justice Assistance on January 11, 1994, the "CJIS-OBTS Master Plan for an Interagency Connecticut Criminal Justice Information System" provides the framework and guidance required to integrate Connecticut's criminal justice agency data. This Master Plan established the concept of the Offender Based Tracking System (OBTS); projects being conducted under the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program support or are extensions of efforts to establish the OBTS.

The projects which are proposed are reviewed by a Narcotics Enforcement and Crime Control Committee (NECCC) as part of the efforts to assure coordination of all the Byrne Memorial Formula Grant Funds (the DCSI Formula Grant Program). Under state procedures associated with block grants, the proposed projects in the application are subject to cognizant legislative committee approval.

Upon receipt of a grant award or funding for the application, individual project awards, as sub-grants, are made to the criminal justice agency of cognizance or the initiator of the project application.

The projects being carried out under the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program are described in the descriptive materials associated with the Criminal Justice Information System (CJIS) program components.

Please refer to the Criminal Justice Records Improvement (CJRI) Program.





Content Last Modified on 9/16/2011 3:37:02 PM